Author: Paige Folingsby


Parties can be very different. But there are numerous characteristics according to which they can be distinguished and assigned to different types.

 

Concept of party

In political science, there is no shared definition of the political party. The problem begins with the question of whether unity or state parties in non-democratic systems also fall under the term.

 

Three elements or essential characteristics of the party

  • It is a more or less firmly established = organized association of people;
  • These people share common political views and interests;
  • Their aim is participation in state rule = gaining government power.

Typological features

The general term of the party deliberately leaves open how a party is specifically organized, what views and interests it represents, and what relationship it has with the people and the state. It thus offers a basis for typological differentiation.

 

Parties should and can be differentiated according to aspects

 

1. Ideological-political affiliation and program

This feature is found in most cases in the self-designation and naming of the parties and thus has a superordinate character. The affiliation of the parties is either linked to descriptive content or directional terms.

 

2. Historical origin and development

Parties can arise either in parliaments or in society. Starting in Great Britain, the factional parties historically preceded the extra-parliamentary parties. Today almost all new parties arise outside the parliaments.

 

3. Organization structure

Parties take on a mediator position between state and society. On the one hand, they articulate, shape, and channel the opinions and interests of citizens by making competing personal and programmatic offers in the elections.

 

4. Structure of the population groups

Another distinguishing feature focuses on the population groups that the parties want to reach preferentially in their dispute with their competitors. Here, too, a change can be observed over time, which reflects the ideological-programmatic development of the parties and the change in their organizational structures.

 

5. Goal orientation and functions in the political system

Participation in state rule was named as a general goal of parties in the definition of the term. In this sense, parties differ from other organized groups such as clubs or associations primarily through their participation in elections.

The five characteristics are not to be considered independently of one another, but mutually influence one another and show various overlaps.

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The disorder of addiction knows no boundaries — it could occur to anybody. In reality, alcoholism and dependence are all common among folks of types, that are inspected and operate under duress compared to the typical individual.

Despite wealth, victory and power, most politicians also have switched to alcohol or drugs. Holding that world leaders are not resistant to dependence is vital to making a better comprehension with the condition.

Politicians from diverse backgrounds have fought with alcoholism or dependence, also this is true of degree politicians or backwater state — although presidents are known to confer a bit too far.

The power was small that efforts and the costs to accomplish this couldn’t be justified. This has been brought up which most welfare recipients need to really be analyzed for medication or entering an Orange County rehab facility. Experts point out evidence that implies that welfare recipients are inclined to use drugs. And because national and state welfare systems have been amassing, overburdened and diluting the funds necessary to examine out the whole populace of people on welfare will be referred to as blindsided by a few.

Some politicians have been known to drug misuse and alcohol misuse. The US President used cocaine in his career at a certain time and subsequently was made to declare that in a time he had been convicted of driving while under the influence of alcohol. CNN Politics accounts:

“Brushes with the law over alcohol have completed over just a few political careers in Washington, but some have lived without a lot of damage. Even a Texas Governor, that affirmed media reports Thursday he had been arrested for drunken driving in Maine in 1976, isn’t the Republican offender accountable for”youthful indiscretions.” His running mate, a former Defense Secretary, was detained for drunken driving at the 1970s when he had been in his early 30s.”

Alcoholism and drug dependence are happening to politicians. We hear reports of musicians sports figures, actors, businesspeople as well as instills. The simple fact that the people discover that these stories to become spectacular is a testament to how it educates us that people are all human. When it concerns the disorder of addiction, anybody can be affected as is true with clinical diseases.